Take this quiz to test your knowledge and learn the news on risk factors, prevention, affordable treatment options and more.
1. True or False: Fruit is bad for your blood sugar.
Answer: False. Fruit does contain sugars, but the fiber in fruit prolongs digestion, slowing the release of glucose into the bloodstream. In fact, a 2013 Harvard study found that eating whole fruit—especially blueberries, grapes and apples—actually reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. And although people with diabetes might think they should limit their fruit consumption, a study published last year in Nutrition Journal found that patients who restricted their fruit intake didn’t have any better blood-sugar levels, or lose any more weight, than those who were encouraged to eat more fruit.
2. Which of these are symptoms of undiagnosed diabetes?
A. Weight loss
C. Frequent Urination
D. Feeling Exhausted
E. All of the above
Answer: E. All of the above. But these symptoms are often overlooked—one reason why more than a quarter of the 25.8 million Americans with diabetes don’t know they have it. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that all adults be tested for diabetes at age 45 and then every three years after that if the test is normal. If you’re overweight or have other risk factors such as a family history, high blood pressure or past gestational diabetes, your doctor might want to screen you earlier, more frequently or both. Your health insurance might cover the screening.
3. True or False: You can’t have diabetes if you’re thin.
Answer: False. About 10 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are at normal weight: body mass index (BMI) of 25 or less. If that describes you, it’s crucial to get your diabetes treated. The death rate in normal-weight or thin people with diabetes is almost twice that of those who are overweight or obese, according to a 2012 study from the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago.